Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the second born to pastor Martin Luther Sr. and schoolteacher Alberta Williams. His birth was in Atlanta, Georgia on the 15th of January 1929. He was brought up together with his older sister Christine Farris and younger brother Alfred Daniel in the city of Sweet Auburn. This town and its neighborhood were a home the wealthy African Americans. King attended school in a segregated public school and later on joined Morehouse College when at the age of fifteen. At Morehouse, he studied Law and Medicine. He was a bright student, and he did not follow in the father of his father by joining the ministry. However, he was persuaded otherwise by his mentor and friend DR. Benjamin Mays, the then Morehouse president. The doctor was always outspoken and vehemently fought for racial equality. King was later enrolled at Boston University, and he completed his coursework in systematic theology in the year 1953. While studying in Boston, King fell in love with Coretta Scott, and they got married in 1953. They settled in Alabama, and King was ordained as pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. The couple was blessed with four children.
King and his family had not lived in the country for more than a year before there was a major struggle for human rights. There was a lot of segregation and the blacks, and other colored people were supposed to seat at the back of the bus and give their seats to whites if the front seats were filled. On December 1st, 1955, leader of a movement for the rights of the colored people refused to surrender her seat in a bus. She was arrested, and this is when hell broke loose. Colored activists organized for a mass bus boycott in Montgomery. This boycott went on to last for over a year, 381 days to be precise. Martin Luther King was chosen as the spokesman and protest leader.
After the boycott, the Supreme Court ruled against it in November 1956 and termed it as unconstitutional. King Jr. was highly motivated by the likes of Bayard Rustin and Mahatma Gandhi. He felt that he profoundly influenced a nonviolent resistance. Through his open support for the boycott and equal rights, he was a target by the white. His house was bombed in January. This did not scare him off and was determined to fight for the civil rights until when he met his death.